Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar Hashemi

(1934- )
   Ali Akbar Raf-sanjani served as president of the Islamic Republic of Iran from 1989 to 1997. Although he was a relative moderate, Iran carried out two high-profile assassinations of prominent Iranian Kurdish leaders abroad during Rafsanjani's rule: Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou (Vienna in 1989) and Sadiq Sharafkindi (Berlin in 1992). Kordestan was the only Iranian province that did not give the majority of its vote to Rafsanjani when he was reelected in 1993.
   On the other hand, Iran accepted over 1.5 million Iraqi Kurdish refugees after the failure of their uprising in 1991. Rafsanjani criticized the West for its initial meager response to the refugee crisis. During Rafsanjani's term, Iran also continued to give covert support to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) as a way to balance Turkey. Iran also continued to compete with Turkey for influence within the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in northern Iraq after 1991. On several occasions Iranian troops also intervened in northern Iraq, most notably in the summer of 1996 to support the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) in its internecine struggle against the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP).
   Although Mahmoud Ahmadinejad defeated him in the presidential elections of 2005, Rafsanjani continues to play an important role in Iranian government. In 2007, he was elected to head the Assembly of Experts, which monitors the performance of Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, while in Iran's disputed presidential elections of June 2009—which the Iranian Kurds largely boycotted—he threw his support to Mir Hossein Mousavi.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Rafsanjani,Ali Akbar Hashemi — Raf·san·ja·ni (räf sän jäʹnē), Ali Akbar Hashemi. Born 1934. Iranian religious and political leader who served as president from 1989 to 1997. A founding member of the Islamic Republican Party, he sought to improve Iran s economy and its… …   Universalium

  • Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar (Hashemi) —  (1934–) President of Iran (1989–1997) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani — Hachemi Rafsandjani Ali Akbar Hachemi Rafsandjani علی اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی 4e président de la République islamique d Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hodjatoleslam Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani — Alī Akbar Hāschemī Rafsandschānī auch Rafsandjani oder Rafsanjani (persisch ‏على اكبر هاشمى رفسنجانى‎‎ [æˈliː ækʲˈbær hɔːʃeˈmiː ræfsænʤɔːˈniː]; Geburtsname: Akbar Hāschemī Bahramānī ‏اكبر هاشمى بهرمانى‎‎; * 25. August 1934 in Bahreman nahe der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri — Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri Speaker of the Parliament of Iran In office 3 May 1992 – 3 May 2000 Preceded by Mehdi Karroubi Succeeded by …   Wikipedia

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  • Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani — Infobox President name = Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani title = birth date = birth date and age|1934|02|15 birth place = Nough, Iran order = 4th President of the Islamic Republic of Iran term start = 3 August 1989 term end = 2 August 1997 leader = Ali… …   Wikipedia

  • Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani — Alī Akbar Hāschemī Rafsandschānī auch Rafsandjani oder Rafsanjani (persisch ‏على اكبر هاشمى رفسنجانى‎‎ [æˈliː ækʲˈbær hɔːʃeˈmiː ræfsænʤɔːˈniː]; Geburtsname: Akbar Hāschemī Bahramānī ‏اكبر هاشمى بهرمانى‎‎; * 25. August 1934 in Bahreman nahe der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alī Akbar Hāschemī Rafsandschānī — am 18. Juni 2008 Alī Akbar Hāschemī Rafsandschānī auch Rafsandjani oder Rafsanjani (persisch ‏علی‌اکبر هاشمى رفسنجانى‎ [æˈliː ækʲˈbær hɔːʃeˈmiː ræfsænʤɔːˈniː]; Geburtsname: Akbar Hāschemī Bahramānī …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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